Climate Change

Climate Change

Climate is the result of the interaction between sunrays inclination on Earth and elements such as latitude, ocean currents, glaciers, etc. It determines many environmental characteristics of a region, such as flora and fauna, so that in each climate area it is possible to find similar environments.

Climate can change due to natural or anthropic factors. In the last decades, the rapid increase in the global temperature has been related to the concentration of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere produced by human activities, as recognized also by the scientists group of IPCC (Intergovernmental panel on climate change), that studies the climate change on the basis of the United Nations’ mandate. Among the most impactful human activities there are: the use of fossil fuels (coal, methane, gas, oil), deforestation (forests are one of the main CO2 absorption tanks with a very important function in climate mitigation), the depletion of natural resources, the exploitation of lands through unsustainable agricultural practices and the intensive livestock farming. Time plays an important role in the fight against climate change; looking at the positive experiences in this area can be a winning move.


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PROJECT DESCRIPTION Having data and observations on the carbon cycle and other greenhouse gases, such as methane (CH4), is becoming increasingly important to understand the current situation, predict future trends (including possible consequences), propose and implement mitigation measures necessary to reduce emissions or increase absorptions and limit their consequences through adaptation to climate change. Despite the recent and important progress, many uncertainties still remain in the...
  PROJECT DESCRIPTION The 2020 climate & energy package, launched by the European Union (EU), identifies important targets of energy efficiency and reduction of climate-changing gas emissions, pursued with a view to energy and environmental sustainability both at global and local levels. In this context, the Factor20 project had as general purpose the definition of a set of tools to support the planning of regional and national policies for the reduction of GHG emissions and...
  PROJECT DESCRIPTION In recent decades, climate change has led to an increase in the frequency of extreme weather events, with significant impacts on natural and anthropogenic environment, which have proved to be sensitive to these phenomena. It is expected that in the future the effects of climate change will tend to be increasingly relevant; in Italy, for example, possible alterations of the hydro-geological regime are expected, with a consequent increase in the risk of landslides...
PROJECT DESCRIPTION Why (scientific) knowledge on natural hazards, especially that acquired in recent decades, did not turn  into effective prevention policies and strategies, able to reduce damages and victims? The Know-4-drr project tried to answer this question, immediately pointing out that it is not actually required to transfer knowledge from one context (the scientific one) to another (the government and public administration context), but rather to understand what are the...
PROJECT DESCRIPTION The climate change imposes the implementation of adaptation and mitigation strategies in many sectors of the human activities which cause the emission of huge quantities of greenhouse gases. As for agriculture this need is especially felt in the case of greenhouse horticulture , as far as the traditional practices request the use of a lot of chemicals, energy and water which produces  large quantities of greenhouse gases and polluting effluents. This situation...
PROJECT DESCRIPTION Greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions in the atmosphere produced by anthropogenic activities and the consequent global warming represent a real challenge that requires the enhancement of adaptation and mitigation measures at national, regional and local level. Locally the LAKS project had the general objective of demonstrating the cities’ potential in grasping opportunities and creating synergies to actively contribute to the achievement of the Kyoto Protocol goals as well as of...
PROJECT DESCRIPTION Climate change is the survey context of the TRUST project as decisive factor within the surface waters and groundwaters management. In particular TRUST was aimed at quantifying the possible consequences  of climate change on aquifers and identifying adaptation measures through their artificial recharge to mitigate the impacts caused by drought and decreased availability of water resources resulting from climate change. The first project step was the hydrogeological...
PROJECT DESCRIPTION In recent years the city of Bologna has been affected in different ways by the impacts of climate change, in fact commentaries tell more and more often about damages due to heavy rains causing landslides and instabilities, floods and damages to infrastructure. To face these challenges the Municipality of Bologna  in collaboration with Ambiente Italia, ARPA Emilia Romagna and Kyoto Club, wanted to develop, through the BLUEAP project, a Local Adaptation Plan to climate...
PROJECT DESCRIPTION The MHyBus project (Methane and Hydrogen blend for public city transport bus: technical demonstrative application and strategic policy measures) was aimed at reducing the environmental impact of the urban public transport (in terms of CO2 and pollutant emissions into the atmosphere) through the implementation of the first prototype in Italy of a hydro-methane bus (mixture of 15% hydrogen and 85% methane by volume). The vehicle run more than 45.000 km in Ravenna with over...
PROJECT DESCRIPTION CARBOMARK is a pilot initiative which has led to test a voluntary carbon market in Veneto and Friuli Venezia Giulia, as a means of strengthening European policies to fight climate change and to reduce  greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. This special market of “local dimension” – meaning the proximity of buyers and sellers – trades “carbon credits” which are intangible entities generated by activities that absorb carbon dioxide or avoid greenhouse gas emissions, among...