Climate Change

Climate Change

Climate is the result of the interaction between sunrays inclination on Earth and elements such as latitude, ocean currents, glaciers, etc. It determines many environmental characteristics of a region, such as flora and fauna, so that in each climate area it is possible to find similar environments.

Climate can change due to natural or anthropic factors. In the last decades, the rapid increase in the global temperature has been related to the concentration of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere produced by human activities, as recognized also by the scientists group of IPCC (Intergovernmental panel on climate change), that studies the climate change on the basis of the United Nations’ mandate. Among the most impactful human activities there are: the use of fossil fuels (coal, methane, gas, oil), deforestation (forests are one of the main CO2 absorption tanks with a very important function in climate mitigation), the depletion of natural resources, the exploitation of lands through unsustainable agricultural practices and the intensive livestock farming. Time plays an important role in the fight against climate change; looking at the positive experiences in this area can be a winning move.


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  PROJECT DESCRIPTION The risk of flooding of medium and large basins and small watercourses is a major problem in different Italian urban areas. In fact, urbanization processes have generated, over time, a decrease in soil permeability and a reduction in river- and streambed surfaces, increasing the probability of floods and the gravity of related damages. In addition, climate change is expected to cause more frequent extreme weather events in the future, such as heavy rainfalls,...
  PROJECT DESCRIPTION   The ACCENT-Plus project is the ideal continuation of the ACCENT Network of Excellence funded by FP6, operating from 2004 to 2009, which helped structure the European scientific community in the field of atmospheric sciences, atmospheric composition change and its effects on air quality, climate change and human health. ACCENT-Plus, which has maintained the same acronym and logo to emphasize the strong continuity between the two projects, has extended the...
  PROJECT DESCRIPTION In Italy, thanks to the environmental, naturalistic, landscape and cultural peculiarities that characterize the country, there is a very high potential of tourist offers. However, the growth of the tourism sector brings also a strong pressure on the environment, resources and the transport system. It is therefore necessary that the players involved in the tourist businesses of an area work towards a correct management of the natural resources and a sustainable...
PROJECT DESCRIPTION The ability to manage risk in coastal areas and the need to increase resilience to erosion and coastal flooding require a holistic, participatory and interdisciplinary approach. The solutions developed by specialists have to be contextualized in the local communities, considering the economic, social and cultural conditions, and take into account the average rise of the sea and the effects of climate change. In this perspective the THESEUS project aimed at making...
  PROJECT DESCRIPTION Air pollution is one of the biggest problems for many Italian and European cities, as underlined in the Thematic Strategy on air pollution (COM 2005 446) and Directive  2008/50/EC on ambient air quality and cleaner air for Europe. Despite the application of the current regulation on emission control, high levels of pollutants continue to be recorded which threaten both human health and ecosystems. This is the case in the Po Valley, in Northern Italy, where...
PROJECT DESCRIPTION Having data and observations on the carbon cycle and other greenhouse gases, such as methane (CH4), is becoming increasingly important to understand the current situation, predict future trends (including possible consequences), propose and implement mitigation measures necessary to reduce emissions or increase absorptions and limit their consequences through adaptation to climate change. Despite the recent and important progress, many uncertainties still remain in the...
  PROJECT DESCRIPTION The 2020 climate & energy package, launched by the European Union (EU), identifies important targets of energy efficiency and reduction of climate-changing gas emissions, pursued with a view to energy and environmental sustainability both at global and local levels. In this context, the Factor20 project had as general purpose the definition of a set of tools to support the planning of regional and national policies for the reduction of GHG emissions and...
  PROJECT DESCRIPTION In recent decades, climate change has led to an increase in the frequency of extreme weather events, with significant impacts on natural and anthropogenic environment, which have proved to be sensitive to these phenomena. It is expected that in the future the effects of climate change will tend to be increasingly relevant; in Italy, for example, possible alterations of the hydro-geological regime are expected, with a consequent increase in the risk of landslides...
  PROJECT DESCRIPTION   LIMITS was a 3-year research project, which was attended by 10 partners from Europe, China, India and to which research centers from the United States and Japan collaborated. The goal of the LIMITS project was to identify mitigation strategies at the global level, focusing on the actions needed by the major economies to reach the goal of limiting global temperature rise to below 2°C. Climate change is one of the greatest challenges of our...
PROJECT DESCRIPTION Why (scientific) knowledge on natural hazards, especially that acquired in recent decades, did not turn  into effective prevention policies and strategies, able to reduce damages and victims? The Know-4-drr project tried to answer this question, immediately pointing out that it is not actually required to transfer knowledge from one context (the scientific one) to another (the government and public administration context), but rather to understand what are the...