Climate Change

Climate Change

Climate is the result of the interaction between sunrays inclination on Earth and elements such as latitude, ocean currents, glaciers, etc. It determines many environmental characteristics of a region, such as flora and fauna, so that in each climate area it is possible to find similar environments.

Climate can change due to natural or anthropic factors. In the last decades, the rapid increase in the global temperature has been related to the concentration of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere produced by human activities, as recognized also by the scientists group of IPCC (Intergovernmental panel on climate change), that studies the climate change on the basis of the United Nations’ mandate. Among the most impactful human activities there are: the use of fossil fuels (coal, methane, gas, oil), deforestation (forests are one of the main CO2 absorption tanks with a very important function in climate mitigation), the depletion of natural resources, the exploitation of lands through unsustainable agricultural practices and the intensive livestock farming. Time plays an important role in the fight against climate change; looking at the positive experiences in this area can be a winning move.


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PROJECT DESCRIPTION Why (scientific) knowledge on natural hazards, especially that acquired in recent decades, did not turn  into effective prevention policies and strategies, able to reduce damages and victims? The Know-4-drr project tried to answer this question, immediately pointing out that it is not actually required to transfer knowledge from one context (the scientific one) to another (the government and public administration context), but rather to understand what are the...
PROJECT DESCRIPTION The climate change imposes the implementation of adaptation and mitigation strategies in many sectors of the human activities which cause the emission of huge quantities of greenhouse gases. As for agriculture this need is especially felt in the case of greenhouse horticulture , as far as the traditional practices request the use of a lot of chemicals, energy and water which produces  large quantities of greenhouse gases and polluting effluents. This situation...
PROJECT DESCRIPTION Greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions in the atmosphere produced by anthropogenic activities and the consequent global warming represent a real challenge that requires the enhancement of adaptation and mitigation measures at national, regional and local level. Locally the LAKS project had the general objective of demonstrating the cities’ potential in grasping opportunities and creating synergies to actively contribute to the achievement of the Kyoto Protocol goals as well as of...
PROJECT DESCRIPTION Climate change is the survey context of the TRUST project as decisive factor within the surface waters and groundwaters management. In particular TRUST was aimed at quantifying the possible consequences  of climate change on aquifers and identifying adaptation measures through their artificial recharge to mitigate the impacts caused by drought and decreased availability of water resources resulting from climate change. The first project step was the hydrogeological...
PROJECT DESCRIPTION In recent years the city of Bologna has been affected in different ways by the impacts of climate change, in fact commentaries tell more and more often about damages due to heavy rains causing landslides and instabilities, floods and damages to infrastructure. To face these challenges the Municipality of Bologna  in collaboration with Ambiente Italia, ARPA Emilia Romagna and Kyoto Club, wanted to develop, through the BLUEAP project, a Local Adaptation Plan to climate...
PROJECT DESCRIPTION The MHyBus project (Methane and Hydrogen blend for public city transport bus: technical demonstrative application and strategic policy measures) was aimed at reducing the environmental impact of the urban public transport (in terms of CO2 and pollutant emissions into the atmosphere) through the implementation of the first prototype in Italy of a hydro-methane bus (mixture of 15% hydrogen and 85% methane by volume). The vehicle run more than 45.000 km in Ravenna with over...
PROJECT DESCRIPTION CARBOMARK is a pilot initiative which has led to test a voluntary carbon market in Veneto and Friuli Venezia Giulia, as a means of strengthening European policies to fight climate change and to reduce  greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. This special market of “local dimension” – meaning the proximity of buyers and sellers – trades “carbon credits” which are intangible entities generated by activities that absorb carbon dioxide or avoid greenhouse gas emissions, among...
PROJECT DESCRIPTION “Who pollutes ... must plant trees”. This could be the slogan of the basic idea behind the GAIA project which was aimed at involving the local enterprises in a public-private partnership in order to offset part of their greenhouse gas emissions through planting new trees in the municipality of Bologna. The urban greenery can indeed bring great benefits in terms of mitigation of and adaptation to the greenhouse gas emissions thanks to the biological functions of the plants...
PROJECT DESCRIPTION The problem of deterioration of heritage materials has become increasingly urgent due to: the increase of weathering caused by climate change and atmospheric pollution (as studied in several European Projects  as for VIDRIO, Teach and NOAH’S ARK); the current use of inappropriate commercial products and their fast deterioration; the need of a more sustainable management of the built heritage. Therefore, there is the demand to improve the current...
PROJECT DESCRIPTION The LACRe project was aimed at contributing locally to fight climate change by means of the realization of public-private partnerships that, appealing to Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR), have been successful in promoting effective strategies for reducing greenhouse gases emissions. The adopted reference model was the “New Social Partnership” defined by the Copenhagen Centre (Independent Institute of Social Studies) as “people and organizations coming from the...