Water

Water

Surface water and groundwater represent renewable resources. However, in order to secure a good condition for groundwater it is necessary to intervene promptly and foresee a plan of long period and stable protection measures, due to varying timescales associated with the natural formation and replenishment of these waters. The objective is to get a good state of water at each catchment level, so that it would be possible to coordinate the measures required for both surface and groundwater belonging to the same ecological, hydrological and hydrogeological cathcment area. In relation to the prevention and reduction of pollution, the european water policy is inspired by an integrated approach which reduces pollution at source, by establishing standards thresholds for the emissions and regulatory environmental quality. This policy is implemented through the European Directive 2000/60/CE which establishes the regulatory framework for the protection of inland surface water, transitional water, coastal and groundwater.

  PROJECT DESCRIPTION The problem of eutrophication of surface waters due to the excess of diffuse source nutrients is one of the major impediments to achieving the quality objectives established by the Water Framework Directive (2000/60/EC) at European level. In the Pontine Plain (Agro Pontino, Lazio) the problem was reported as a priority by the Lazio Water Protection Plan as early as 2007. In this context the REWETLAND project aimed to improve the quality of surface waters of the...
  PROJECT DESCRIPTION The Water Framework Directive 2000/60/CE (WFD) is a key legal instrument of the European legislation to prevent deterioration of water quality, protect and improve the status of water bodies (rivers and lakes) and ensure  sustainable use of water resources. In the same vein the project INHABIT focused on the habitats as the key to understand the functionality and the ecological status of water systems. The project had the objective to integrate information...
  PROJECT DESCRIPTION The AQUOR project was conceived as demonstrative action aimed at facilitating the inversion of the current trend of overexploitation of groundwater resources and increasing aquifer recharging rates in order to rebalance the upper Vicenza plain’s aquifers and foster their sustainable use. The project area has an important underground water heritage, which represents the water supply for a total of 400.000 inhabitants of the provincial territory. Moreover this...
  PROJECT DESCRIPTION Sustainable water resource management is a key aspect of the sustainability and ecological compatibility of  human settlements, especially in rural areas. In line with the objective to reach an ecologically good water status, foreseen in the water policy framework Directive (200/60/CE), the ECOMAWARU project was aimed to test an integrated water cycle management model in rural areas (stormwater and wastewater management in hamlets and scattered farmhouses...
  PROJECT DESCRIPTION Pollution of water resources is often due to an excessive concentration of nitrogen and phosphorus used in agriculture. A typical form of pollution is that caused by nitrates, a particularly soluble mineral form of nitrogen. The European Union, through the Nitrates Directive 676/91/CE, has been governing the use of nitrogen in agriculture since 1991. Protection of water against pollution in areas with high concentration of intensive farming activities is one of...
PROJECT DESCRIPTION The GENIUS project dealt with pollution problems of the aquatic ecosystems arising from accidental oil spills and hydrocarbon contamination. The possibility of ensuring both an efficient environmental protection and the recovery of the spilled hydrocarbon depend on the choice of the technology to be used for the decontamination  operations. Decontamination technologies and traditional absorbing products are often not ecological and difficult to apply, moreover do not...
  PROJECT DESCRIPTION Exploitation, sustainable management and deterioration of the groundwater’s quality, as well as the joint use of groundwater and surface water are issues of great importance and interest for the socio-economic development and the conservation of ecosystems. Management of these problems is closely linked, at regulatory level, to the implementation of broad, more and more cutting-edge monitoring networks which provide quantities of data that, if properly...
  PROJECT DESCRIPTION The most recent studies on climate change believe that the area of ​​the upper Adriatic will be characterized by an increase in average temperatures of the air and sea water, a decrease in precipitation, a greater frequency and intensity of extreme events as well as the rise of the sea level. The areas most vulnerable to these events will be the coastal areas that are exposed to the risk of saltwater infiltration in coastal aquifers, saline wedge intrusion, loss...
  PROJECT DESCRIPTION The WASSERMed project has analyzed, through a multidisciplinary approach, the current and future hydrological balance in Southern Europe, North Africa and the Middle East in terms of threats for the national and social security. This analysis included the determination of changes in average flows, frequency and size of extreme precipitation events, runoff, water balance at groundwater level, as well as social and economic factors such as changes in touristic...
  PROJECT DESCRIPTION    Depletion and pollution of surface and underground water resources are becoming increasingly widespread phenomena.  The causes are mainly due to the increase in water consumption and quality deterioration of the water resources, phenomena linked to factors such as changes in the agricultural practices, population growth and climate change. In this context, managing and governing the water resource and its use is one of the main challenges to be...