Project

DERRIS - DisastEr Risk Reduction InSurance

DERRIS - DisastEr Risk Reduction InSurance

DERRIS - DisastEr Risk Reduction InSurance

 

PROJECT DESCRIPTION

In recent decades, climate change has led to an increase in the frequency of extreme weather events, with significant impacts on natural and anthropogenic environment, which have proved to be sensitive to these phenomena. It is expected that in the future the effects of climate change will tend to be increasingly relevant; in Italy, for example, possible alterations of the hydro-geological regime are expected, with a consequent increase in the risk of landslides, floods and coastal erosion. In relation to these events, public administrations (PA) and small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) have shown limited capacity for preventing and managing risks and climate emergencies. Italy, despite being one of the European countries most vulnerable to the climate change effects as reported in a recent study (Zurich, Potential effect on business of small and medium enterprises (SMEs) due to climate change in 2016 Global survey report, November 2016), is also among those countries where SMEs underestimate the risks and impacts of climate change on their businesses, in many cases due to the lack of tools and knowledge necessary for the assessment, prevention and management of these risks. As a result,  economy and society in general are vulnerable and exposed to significant risks.

Insurance companies have the knowledge, experience and tools to assess business risks (including those related to climate events) and to define the measures to reduce the related damages; transfer of these skills to SMEs and the public sector has the potential to generate advantageous cooperation for all the actors involved, which aligns  common interests towards the reduction of climate change’s risks and costs. By applying this collaborative system to the Italian context, characterized by a low penetration of insurance coverage in the market and the lack of public funds intended to compensate for the damages caused by natural disasters, urban adaptation processes could be significantly improved. In this context, the DERRIS project aimed to promote a synergy between insurance companies, PAs and SMEs in order to achieve a reduction in the climate change-related risks and costs, generally increasing the resilience of companies and territories (Figure 1).

Figure 1. Resilience index

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Figure 1.Resilience index (source: Layman’s report - DERRIS)

The project set out to:

  • Implement innovative forms of public-private governance for climate disasters, involving SMEs, PAs and insurance companies;
  • Transfer the knowledge of the insurance sector, related to risk assessment and management of catastrophic climate events, to the PAs and SMEs in order to create resilient companies and encourage the adoption of effective local adaptation plans;
  • Disseminate risk assessment tools and competences, developed by the insurance industry, at the PA and SMEs;
  • Evaluate the adoption of specific financial instruments and innovative solutions for adapting to climate change.

The project envisaged the evaluation, through a specially developed IT tool, of 7 main weather and climate phenomena as source of risk: flood, rain, landslides, hail, wind, lightning and temperature, and identifies the best  solutions to be applied at company level to prevent damage.

 

PROJECT PHASES  

The main project phases, developed in Turin as pilot area, were the following:

  • Analysis of the district, aimed at assessing the vulnerability of the Turin city area and identifying the characteristics of the industrial urban districts. This phase included the mapping of management and governance measures and tools in the climate change sector, meetings with local stakeholders, selection of industrial areas and of 30 pilot companies for the project development;
  • Development of the “CRAM” IT tool for assessing climate change-related risks and identifying possible solutions;
  • Training of the personnel identified by SMEs and the PAs of Turin to transfer technical knowledge to assess and manage weather and climate risks. Specific training plans have been defined and implemented for SMEs and PAs;
  • Development and adoption of climate adaptation action plans (CAAP) by the pilot companies. This phase was conducted through on-site inspections by UnipolSai's specialized staff and the development of a corporate adaptation plan. The definition of the adaptation plans was carried out with the support of the CRAM tool, specifically developed to facilitate and speed up the drafting. The various activities carried out in this phase have also allowed the completion of the development of the CRAM tool.
  • Adoption of the District Adaptation Plan (IDAP) of the Municipality of Turin, through a training course,  3 co-design workshops and an intersectoral working group. The process involved the collaboration of various departments of the city of Turin, such as environment, urban planning, civil protection, urbanization and redevelopment of public spaces, mobility, public works, management of green areas, communication and social services;
  • Implementation of financial instruments for adaptation, which included an initial survey and in-depth analysis of the possible financing mechanisms present on the international and national market, with a particular focus on innovative mechanisms capable of using financial leverage to produce positive impacts at environmental and social levels. This phase led to the development of a special financial instrument consisting of a bank loan for SMEs interested in implementing the climate change-related risk prevention and management actions defined in their CAAP;
  • Dissemination and replication of the DERRIS project: the project was extended to several Italian local authorities, allowing the creation of a "DERRIS community" through the organization of national and local workshops aimed at pervasive stakeholder involvement.
  • Creation of a network with other European projects (LIFE and others), which allowed a constant and sound exchange of information in order to share documents and publications useful for the achievement of the respective objectives and the creation of collaborations.

 

PROJECT RESULTS

Theme 
Beneficiary Coordinator 
UNIPOL GRUPPO FINANZIARIO
Budget 
€ 1.317.166
EU contribution 
€ 790.299
Call Year 
2014
Start Year 
2015
End Year 
2018